Whereis

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Linux命令:whereis

功能说明: 查找文件。 
 
语  法:whereis [-bfmsu][-B <目录>...][-M <目录>...][-S <目录>...][文件...]
补充说明:whereis指令会在特定目录中查找符合条件的文件。这些文件的烈性应属于原始代码,二进制文件,或是帮助文件。
参  数:
-b  只查找二进制文件。 
-B<目录>  只在设置的目录下查找二进制文件。 
-f  不显示文件名前的路径名称。 
-m  只查找说明文件。 
-M<目录>  只在设置的目录下查找说明文件。 
-s  只查找原始代码文件。 
-S<目录>  只在设置的目录下查找原始代码文件。 
-u  查找不包含指定类型的文件。


尹文版本,欢迎翻译:

ABOUT

Locate a binary, source, and manual page files for a command.

SYNTAX

whereis [ -bmsu ] [ -BMS directory... -f ] filename ...

-b Search only for binaries. -m Search only for manual sections. -s Search only for sources. -u Search for unusual entries. A file is said to be unusual if it does not have one entry of each requested type. Thus `whereis -m -u *' asks for those files in the current directory which have no documentation. -B Change or otherwise limit the places where whereis searches for binaries. -M Change or otherwise limit the places where whereis searches for manual sections. -S Change or otherwise limit the places where whereis searches for sources. -f Terminate the last directory list and signals the start of file names, and must be used when any of the -B, -M, or -S options are used.


EXAMPLES

whereis -u -M /usr/man/man1 -S /usr/src -f *

In the above example the whereis command would search for any manual for any file in the current directory.

whereis perl

Locate the directories for where Perl is stored.